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MORA

MICROBIAL DEFENSE

TO RESOLVE:

  • LYME DISEASE
  • INFLAMMATION
  • BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
  • FUNGAL INFECTIONS
  • PARASITIC INFECTIONS
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General Description

Mora is a proprietary blend of the extracts of three plants Blackberry, Capirona, and Yarrow. Traditionally, Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) has been used to treat a number of medical conditions. It was used to help stop minor bleeding and to treat wounds, to treat inflammation in a number of conditions, fight fevers, treat gastrointestinal conditions, lessen heavy menstrual bleeding, and improve circulation. Some of the compounds found in Yarrow that may explain its medicinal benefits are apigenin, luteolin, centaureidin, casticin, artemetin, paulitin, isopaulitin, psilostachyin, desacetylmatricarin and sintenin.  Traditionally, blackberry leaf tea (Rubus fruticosus) has been used to treat parasites and Capirona (Calycophyllum spruceanum) to treat diabetes, soothe the skin and for fungal, bacterial and parasitic infections.

Some Reported Medicinal Properties

ANTI-PARASITIC

ANTI-BACTERIAL

ANTI-FUNGAL

ANTI-MOTILITY EFFECT

ANTI-OXIDANT ACTIVITY

ANTI-NOCICEPTIVE EFFECT (increases 

tolerance for pain)

ESTROGENIC ACTIVITY

CHOLERETIC EFFECT

CYTOPROTECTIVE

Research On NutraMedix Product

IN VITRO – LYME DISEASE

Priyanka A.S. Theophilus M.S., Eva Sapi Ph.D. (2013). In Vitro Effect of Peruvian Antimicrobial Agents on Borrelia burgdorferi Full Article

IN VIVO ACUTE ORAL TOXICITY TESTS

An acute oral toxicity study was conducted by the University of Guayaquil, Ecuador concluding that Mora did not produce toxic effects, thus the product is considered practically innocuous for humans when administered in the acute form. Therefore; studies of acute toxicity at higher doses in humans are not necessary. Full Article

Medical Conditions [peer-reviewed journals]

Adjunctive to Chemotherapy

Miranzadeh,S., Adib-Hajbaghery, M., Soleymanpoor, L., & Ehsani, M. (2015). Effect of adding the herb Achilleamillefolium on mouthwash on chemotherapy induced oral mucositis in cancerpatients: A double-blind randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 19(3), 207-213. Full Article

Anxiety

Fernández-Demeneghi, R., Rodríguez-Landa, J. F., Guzmán-Gerónimo,R. I., Acosta-Mesa, H. G., Meza-Alvarado, E., Vargas-Moreno, I., &Herrera-Meza, S. (2019). Effect of blackberry juice (Rubus fruticosus L.) onanxiety-like behaviour in Wistar ratsInternational journal offood sciences and nutrition, 1-12. Full Article

Cancer

Amini Navaie, B., Kavoosian, S., Fattahi, S., Hajian-Tilaki, K., Asouri, M.,Bishekolaie, R., & Akhavan-Niaki, H. (2015). Antioxidant and cytotoxic effect of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of the Achillea millefolium L. on MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. International Biological and Biomedical Journal, 1(3), 119-125. Full Article

Antioxidant

Villalva, M., Jaime, L., Villanueva-Bermejo,D., Lara, B., Fornari, T., Reglero, G., & Santoyo, S. (2019). Supercritical anti-solvent fractionation for improving antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of an Achillea millefolium L. extractFoodResearch International115, 128-134. Full Article

Monforte, M. T., Smeriglio, A.,Germanò, M. P., Pergolizzi, S., Circosta, C., & Galati, E. M. (2018). Evaluation of antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and gastroprotective properties of Rubus fruticosus L. fruit juicePhytotherapy research32(7), 1404-1414. Full Article

Antitumor

Pereira, J. M., Peixoto, V., Teixeira,A., Sousa, D., Barros, L., Ferreira, I. C., & Vasconcelos, M. H.(2018). Achillea millefolium L. hydroethanolic extract inhibits growth of human tumor cell lines by interfering with cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. Food and Chemical Toxicology. Full Article

Antimutagenic

Hussein, A. A., Al-Ezzy, R. M., & Abdallah, M. T. (2019). Biochemical, Enzymatic, and Immunological Study on Antimutagenic Achillea millefolium Methanolic Extract in vivo. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology,7, 69-74. Full Article

Multiple Sclerosis

Ayoobi, F., Moghadam-Ahmadi, A.,Amiri, H., Vakilian, A., Heidari, M., Farahmand, H., ... & Shamsizadeh, A.(2019). Achillea millefolium is beneficial as an add-on therapy in patients with multiple sclerosis: Arandomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Phytomedicine, 52, 89-97. Full Article

Medicinal Properties [peer-reviewed journals]

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

Benedek, B., Kopp, B., & Melzig, M. F. (2007). Achillea millefolium L. sl–Is the anti-inflammatory activity mediated by protease inhibition?. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 113(2), 312-317. Full Article

Benedek, B., & Kopp, B. (2007). Achillea millefolium L. sl revisited: recent findings confirm the traditional use. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 157(13-14), 312-314. Full Article

ANTIBACTERIAL

Thanina, A. C., Mourad, B. E. N. D. A. H. O. U., & Karim, A. R. A. B. (2015). Antibacterial activity of two extracts from Rubus fruticosus L. against resistant pathogens and their antioxidant potential. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 9(18), 1255-1262. Full Article

Yakhkeshi, S., Rahimi, S., & Hemati Matin, H. R. (2012). Effects of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), antibiotic and probiotic on performance, immune response, serum lipids and microbial population of broilers. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 14(4), 799-810. Full Article

Novaković, A. R., Radusin, T. I., Tomšik, A. M., & Ikonić, P.M. (2018). PLA films loaded with Achillea millefolium: In vitro antibacterial effectsFood andFeed Research45(1), 45-52. Full Article

ANTIMICROBIAL

Riaz, M., Ahmad, M., & Rahman, N. (2011). Antimicrobial screening offruit, leaves, root and stem of Rubus fruticosus. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(24), 5920-5924. Full Article

Shahbazi, Y., & Zadeh, M. S. (2008). In vitro assessment of antimicrobial efficacy of alcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium in comparison with penicillin derivatives. J Anim Vet Adv, 7(4), 508-11. Full Article

Candan, F., Unlu, M., Tepe, B., Daferera, D., Polissiou, M., Sökmen, A., & Akpulat, H. A. (2003). Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium Afan.(Asteraceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 87(2-3), 215-220. Full Article

ANTIOXIDANT

Zafra-Rojas, Q., Cruz-Cansino, N., Delgadillo-Ramírez, A., Alanís-García, E., Añorve-Morga, J., Quintero-Lira, A., ... & Ramírez-Moreno, E. (2018). Organic Acids, Antioxidants, and Dietary Fiber of Mexican Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) Residues cv. Tupy. Journal of Food Quality, 2018. Full Article

Barut, E. N., Barut, B., Engin, S., Yıldırım, S., Yaşar, A., Türkiş, S., ... & Sezen, F. S. (2017). Antioxidant capacity, anti-acetylcholinesterase activity and inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation in mice brain homogenate of Achillea millefolium. Turkish Journal of Biochemistry, 42(4), 493-502. Full Article

Becker, L., Zaiter, A., Petit, J., Zimmer, D., Karam, M. C., Baudelaire, E., ... & Dicko, A. (2016). Improvement of antioxidant activity and polyphenol content of Hypericum perforatum and Achillea millefolium powders using successive grinding and sieving. Industrial Crops and Products, 87, 116-123. Full Article

Georgieva, L., Gadjalova, A., Mihaylova, D., & Pavlov, A. (2015). Achillea millefolium L.-phytochemical profile and in vitro antioxidant activity. International Food Research Journal, 22(4), 1347. Full Article

Fierascu, I., Ungureanu, C., Avramescu, S. M., Fierascu, R. C., Ortan, A., Soare, L. C., & Paunescu, A. (2015). In vitro antioxidant and antifungal properties of Achillea millefolium L. Rom Biotechnol Lett, 20, 10626-36. Full Article

Bhagat, M., & Thusoo, S. (2015). Phytochemical, Cytotoxic and Immunomodulatory Analysis of an Indian Blackberry Rubus fruticosus. Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature, 5(5), 339-348. Full Article

Asnaashari, M., Tajik, R., & Khodaparast, M. H. H. (2015). Antioxidant activity of raspberry (Rubus fruticosus) leaves extract and its effect on oxidative stability of sunflower oil. Journal of food science and technology, 52(8), 5180-5187. Full Article

Trumbeckaite, S., Benetis, R., Bumblauskiene, L., Burdulis, D., Janulis, V., Toleikis, A., ... & Jakštas, V. (2011). Achillea millefolium L. sl herb extract: Antioxidant activity and effect on the rat heart mitochondrial functions. Food Chemistry, 127(4), 1540-1548. Full Article

Potrich, F. B., Allemand, A., da Silva, L. M., dos Santos, A. C., Baggio, C. H., Freitas, C. S., ... & Marques, M. C. A. (2010). Antiulcerogenic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium L.: involvement of the antioxidant system. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 130(1), 85-92. Full Article

Giorgi, A., Mingozzi, M., Madeo, M., Speranza, G., & Cocucci, M. (2009). Effect of nitrogen starvation on the phenolic metabolism and antioxidant properties of yarrow (Achillea collina Becker ex Rchb.). Food Chemistry, 114(1), 204-211. Full Article

Teixeira, R. D. O., Camparoto, M. L., Mantovani, M. S., & Vicentini, V. E. P. (2003). Assessment of two medicinal plants, Psidium guajava L. and Achillea millefolium L., in vitro and in vivo assays. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 26(4), 551-555. Full Article

Santos, S. S., Rodrigues,L. M., Costa, S. C., & Madrona, G. S. (2017). Antioxidant compounds from blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomace: Microencapsulation by spray-dryer and pH stability evaluation. Food Packaging and ShelfLife. Full Article

García-Risco, M. R., Mouhid, L., Salas-Pérez, L., López-Padilla,A., Santoyo, S., Jaime, L., ... & Fornari, T. (2017). Biological activities of Asteraceae (Achillea millefolium and Calendula officinalis) and Lamiaceae (Melissa officinalis and Origanum majorana) plant extractsPlant foods forhuman nutrition72(1), 96-102. Full Article

ANTIDIARRHOEL

Bais, S., Gill, N. S., & Shandil, S. (2014). Antidiarrhoel activity of methanolic extract of Achillea millefolium L. leaves in albino rats. Der Pharma Chemica, 6(5), 308-14. Full Article

Antifungal

 Aydın, S., & Sevindik, E. (2018). Achillea millefolium L. subsp. millefolium essential oil’s antifungal effectEuropean Journal of Biological Research8(3),153-156. Full Article

ANTIULCER

Cavalcanti, A. M., Baggio, C. H., Freitas, C. S., Rieck, L., De fSousa, R. S., Da Silva-Santos, J. E., ... & Marques, M. C. A. (2006). Safety and antiulcer efficacy studies of Achillea millefolium L. after chronic treatment in Wistar rats.Journal of ethnopharmacology, 107(2), 277-284. Full Article

ANTISPASMODIC

Moradi, M., Rafieian-Koupaei, M., Imani-Rastabi, R., Nasiri, J., Shahrani, M., Rabiei, Z., & Alibabaei, Z. (2013). Antispasmodic effects of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) extract in the isolated ileum of rat. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 10(6), 499-503. Full Article

ANTITUMOR

Tozyo, T., YOSHIMURA, Y., SAKURAI, K., UCHIDA, N., TAKEDA, Y., NAKAI, H., & ISHII, H. (1994). Novel antitumor sesquiterpenoids in Achillea millefolium. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 42(5), 1096-1100. Full Article

ANTI-LIMNATIS

Bahmani, M., Abdi, F., Adineh, A., Hassanzadazar, H., Eghbali, B., Gholami-Ahangaran, M., & Rafieian-Kopaei, M. (2014). The Anti-Leech Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Achillea Millefolium L. Compared to Levamisole and Niclosamide on Limnatis Nilotica. Studia Universitatis" Vasile Goldis" Arad. Seria Stiintele Vietii (Life Sciences Series), 24(3), 293. Full Article

ANXIOLYTIC

Baretta, I. P., Felizardo, R. A., Bimbato, V. F., dos Santos, M. G. J., Kassuya, C. A. L., Junior, A. G., ... & Andreatini, R. (2012). Anxiolytic-like effects of acute and chronic treatment with Achillea millefolium L. extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 140(1), 46-54. Full Article

HEPATOPROTECTIVE

Yaeesh, S., Jamal, Q., Khan, A. U., & Gilani, A. H. (2006). Studies on hepatoprotective, antispasmodic and calcium antagonist activities of the aqueous‐methanol extract of Achillea millefolium. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 20(7), 546-551. Full Article

GIT HEALTH

Yakhkeshi, S., Rahimi, S., & Hemati Matin, H. R. (2012). Effects of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), antibiotic and probiotic on performance, immune response, serum lipids and microbial population of broilers. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 14(4), 799-810. Full Article

SPASMOLYTIC

Lemmens-Gruber, R., Marchart, E., Rawnduzi, P., Engel, N., Benedek, B., & Kopp, B. (2006). Investigation of the spasmolytic activity of the flavonoid fraction of Achillea millefolium sl on isolated guinea-pig ilea.Arzneimittelforschung, 56(08), 582-588. Full Article

WOUND HEALING

Nirmala, S., & Karthiyayini, T. (2011). Wound healing activity on the leaves of Achillea millefolium L. by excision, incision, and dead space model on adult wistar albino rats. Int Res J Pharm, 2(3), 240-245. Full Article

Hemmati, A. A., Arzi, A., & Amin, M. (2002). Effect of Achillea millefolium extract in wound healing of rabbit.Journal of Natural Remedies, 2(2), 164-167. Full Article

VASOPROTECTIVE

Dall’Acqua, S., Bolego, C., Cignarella, A., Gaion, R. M., & Innocenti, G. (2011). Vasoprotective activity of standardized Achillea millefolium extract. Phytomedicine, 18(12), 1031-1036. Full Article

VARIOUS USES

Četojević-Simin, D. D., Ranitović, A. S., Cvetković, D. D., Markov, S. L., Vinčić, M. N., & Đilas, S. M. (2017). Bioactivity of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus L.) pomace: Polyphenol content, radical scavenging, antimicrobial and antitumor activity. Acta Periodica Technologica, 2017(48), 63-76. Full Article

Verma, R., Gangrade, T., Punasiya, R., & Ghulaxe, C. (2014). Rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine. Pharmacognosy reviews, 8(16), 101. Full Article

Zia-Ul-Haq, M., Riaz, M., De Feo, V., Jaafar, H. Z., & Moga, M. (2014). Rubus fruticosus L.: constituents, biological activities and health related uses. Molecules, 19(8), 10998-11029. Full Article

Khan, A. U., & Gilani, A. H. (2011). Blood pressure lowering, cardiovascular inhibitory and bronchodilatory actions of Achillea millefolium. Phytotherapy Research, 25(4), 577-583. Full Article

Medicinal Properties
[other journals]

Medical Conditions [other journals]

Videos

Conference Presentations

Cowden Support Program for Lyme: Observational Study – Dublin, Ireland – June, 2012 Armin Schwarzbach, MD PhD Full Video

Patient Reports

"I've used this with success to help calm eczema flare-ups during my metal cleanse; plus, my cat's chin acne.  I've also combined it with NutraMedix Houttuynia for nose redness and pain. I think it is great!" -B.LGreat product for Lyme disease like all Cowden products.  This is by far the best protocol to address Lyme and the most cost effective too.  Strong stuff without side effects.  Until now there is no better option available to keep Lyme in remission."-F.S.

Dosage Information

30 drops twice daily at least 30 minutes before meals (start with 1 drop in 4 oz. of water adding a drop with each dose as tolerated).

Protocols

Safety Information

An acute oral toxicity study was conducted by the University of Guayaquil, Ecuador concluding that Mora did not produce toxic effects, thus the product is considered practically innocuous for humans when administered in the acute form. Therefore; studies of acute toxicity at higher doses in humans are not necessary. Full Article

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MORA
Mora: Cancer Antioxidant

Breast cancer is the second main cause of death among women. The use of medicinal plants has been common in many countries since ancient times. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-proliferative potential of Achillea millefolium L.

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Mora: Antitumor Achillea

The cell growth inhibitory activity of the hydroethanolic extract of Achillea millefolium was studied in human tumor cell lines (NCI-H460 and HCT-15) and its mechanism of action was investigated. The GI50 concentration was determined with the sulforhodamine B assay and cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry following incubation with PI or Annexin V FITC/PI, respectively.

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Mora: Antioxidant Supercritical

Achillea millefolium L. is a plant widely used in traditional medicine. Nowadays, there is a growing concern about the study of its bioactive properties in order to develop food and nutraceutical formulations.

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Mora: Antioxidant Evaluation

The juice of R. fruticosus (RFJ) fruits grown in Sicily was analysed for polyphenol compounds and tested to evaluate in vitro antioxidant and in vivo antiinflammatory and gastroprotective effects.

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Mora: Antimutagenic Biochemical

Traditionally medicinal plants are used for its potential chemotherapeutic action and for safety upon the continued use of these plants. Achillea millefolium (AM) is an ancient herb which is used to treat wounds, headaches, disorder in gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary, pain, and inflammation.

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Mora: Anxiety (juice)

The present study evaluated the effects of blackberry juice that is rich in different concentrations of anthocyanins and polyphenols (2.6 mg/kg anthocyanins, 14.57 mg/kg polyphenols; 5.83 mg/kg anthocyanins, 27.10 mg/kg polyphenols; 10.57 mg/kg anthocyanins, 38.40 mg/kg polyphenols) on anxiety-like behaviour in Wistar rats.

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Mora: Antioxidant (microencapsulation)

Wild fruits, such as the blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), are popular for the combination of their pleasant color and taste, as well as for the reported health benefits for humans (D’Agostino et al., 2015). Some studies report a relation between antioxidant activity and the presence of phenolic compounds and anthocyanins in blackberries (Rosa et al., 2014).

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Mora: Antioxidant (plant_extracts)

Asteraceae (Achillea millefolium and Calendula officinalis) and Lamiaceae (Melissa officinalis and Origanum majorana) extracts were obtained by applying two sequential extraction processes: supercritical fluid extraction with carbon dioxide, followed by ultrasonic assisted extraction using green solvents (ethanol and ethanol:water 50:50).

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Mora: Antifungal (essential)

This study was carried out with the aim of determining the antifungal effect of the essential oil isolated from Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium plant against pathogenic fungi.

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Mora: Antibacterial (PLA)

Antimicrobial packaging as active food packaging represents a suitable packaging form for food in products in particular for foods where microbial contamination occurs primarily at the surface. Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is one of the most frequently used bio-polymers because of its similarities to conventional polymeric materials used in food packaging, however its use is still limited to short-term packaging applications.

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Mora: Rubus fruticosus - Various (herbal)

Wild grown European blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine. The result show that European blackberry plants are used for herbal medicinal purpose such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidysentery, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, and also good antioxidant.

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Mora: Rubus fruticosus - Various (bioactivity)

In this study, the juice processing by-product, the pomace extracts from two blackberry cultivars, Čačanska bestrna and Thornfree were used to determine the contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids, and total and monomeric anthocyanins.

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Mora: Rubus fruticosus - Antioxidant (organic acids)

Blackberry fruit processing generates residues comprised of peel, seeds, and pulp that are abundant in flavonoids, colorants, and organic acids. The objective of this study was to determine the organic acids, antioxidants, and dietary fiber content of blackberry residues and compare antioxidants and dietary fiber content of a prune-based commercial product.

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Mora: Rubus fruticosus - Antioxidant (cytotoxic)

The present study was carried out for cytotoxic potential, immunomodulatory response, antioxidant potential and phytochemical analysis of Rubus fruticosus (leaf and fruits). In vitro cytotoxicity of methanolic extract of fruit possess higher activity than the leaf part against lung (A549) cancer cell line with 72% growth inhibition at 100 μg/mL concentration.

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Mora: Rubus fruticosus - Antibacterial (two extracts)

One of the most serious threats to public health across the world is the spread of antibiotics resistant pathogens. This situation obliges researchers from all over the world to focus on how they can overcome this obstacle mainly by searching or synthesizing new molecules to neutralize microbes and to overcome the phenomenon of resistance. One of the main reservoirs of potentially active molecules is the plantae kingdom. In this work, we focused on Rubus fruticosus L., a medicinal species which is used traditionally in Algeria to heal respiratory infections. Both of chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils and flavonoids extract were explored.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antispasmodic (yarrow)

Achillea millefolium L. is cultivated in Iran and widely used in traditional medicine for gastrointestinal disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of A. millefolium on the contraction and relaxation of isolated ileum in rat. In this experimental study, aerial parts of A. millefolium were extracted by maceration in ethanol 70% for 72h.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antioxidant (nitrogen)

Achillea collina Becker ex Rchb. (yarrow) is a tetraploid proazulenes-containing species of the Achillea millefolium aggregate cultivated in European alpine areas. The above-ground parts of yarrow are commonly used in traditional medicine, both internally, as infusions, and in alcoholic beverages for their digestive, antiinflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities and, externally, to treat skin inflammations and for wound healing.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antitumor (hydroethanolic)

The cell growth inhibitory activity of the hydroethanolic extract of Achillea millefolium was studied in human tumor cell lines (NCI-H460 and HCT-15) and its mechanism of action was investigated.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - multiple sclerosis

In this clinical trial we evaluated the efficacy of Achillea millefolium (A. millefolium) aqueous extract in MS patients.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antioxidant (polyphenol)

This work aims at evaluating the effect of successive grinding and sieving processes on the polyphenol content of plants. Powders of particle size ranging from 20 to 500 μm and over were produced from aerial parts of Hypericum perforatum and Achillea millefolium.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antioxidant (phytochemical)

Nowadays, medicinal plants used in folk medicine are being increasingly studied and used on pharmaceutical, food and nutraceutical fields. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) is widely used in both folk and official medicine. Therefore, in the present paper different extracts of yarrow - inflorescences and upper leaves were investigated for their total polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity using several reliable assays, namely DPPH-, ABTS-, FRAP- and CUPRAC assays.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antioxidant (peroxidation)

Achillea millefolium (A. millefolium) is a tradi­tional herbal medicine that contains natural compounds with antioxidant activities and is used for a wide range of conditions among people. The aim of our study was to investigate antioxidant and anti-acetylcholinesterase activities of A. millefolium extracts to determine its potential therapeutic usage in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antioxidant (antifungal)

Data regarding antioxidant and antifungal properties of yarrow extracts and essential oils can be found on several other studies; however, due to the fact that the composition of the natural products varies from one geographical area to another and with the extraction procedure, the present study contributes to a better characterisation of natural products obtained from A. millefolium L.

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Mora: Achillea millefolium - Antidiarrhoel (methanolic)

Based on the traditional folk use, the anti-diarrheal activity of the methanolic extract of Achillea millefolium L. (AM) leaves was evaluated on castor oil-induced diarrhoea and assessment of gastrointestinal propulsion of charcoal meal in rats.

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Mora: Effect of nitrogen starvation on the phenolic metabolism and antioxidant properties of yarrow (Achillea collina Becker ex Rchb.)

In this study, the effects of long-term nitrogen deficiency (N 0.1 mM for 4 months) on growth, phenolic content and activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5) were investigated in the leaves, inflorescences and roots of yarrow (Achillea collina Becker ex Rchb.) grown in hydroponics. The antioxidant capacity of methanol extracts was also evaluated.

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Mora: Antispasmodic Effects of Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium L.) Extract in the Isolated Ileum of Rat

Achillea millefolium L. is cultivated in Iran and widely used in traditional medicine for gastrointestinal disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of A. millefolium on the contraction and relaxation of isolated ileum in rat. In this experimental study, aerial parts of A. millefolium were extracted by maceration in ethanol 70% for 72h.

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Mora: Various

Rubus fruticosus L. is a shrub famous for its fruit called blackberry fruit or more commonly blackberry.

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Mora: Antioxidant (sunflower)

Efficacy of R. fruticosus leaves extract in stabilizing sunflower oil during accelerated storage has been studied.

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Mora: Antioxidant (herbal)

Wild grown European blackberry Rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine.

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Mora: Antimicrobial

Current investigation has been carried out to evaluate antimicrobial potential of an indigenous medicinal herb Rubus fruticosus fruit, leaves, root and stem.

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Mora: Toxicity Study

MORA will be used in humans because of the vital importance of carrying out these first-step tests.

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Mora: Wound Healing

To evaluate the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium (yarrow) on the wound healing in rabbit.

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Mora: Vasoprotective

Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) is widely used in Europe as a herbal remedy for the treatment of spasms, such as digestive com­plaints. as an emmenagogue. and for irregular menses.

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Mora: Toxicity of Yarrow

The use of medicinal plants by the general population is an old and still widespread practice, which makes studies of their genotoxicity essential.

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Mora: Spasmolytic

Herbal teas from different species of the Achillea millefolium group are quite commonly used against gastrointestinal disorders due to the antiphlogistic, spasmolytic and antimicrobial activities.

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Mora: Antitumor

Achillea millefolium Linnaeus is used as an antipyretic and diaphoretic in cases of the common cold and as an emenagogue in Europe, U.S.A., and Asian Countries.

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Mora: Antimicrobial (Penicillin)

Achille a millefolium (Yarrow) has been used as a spice and medicinal plant in many ancient cultures from olden times.

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Mora: Anti-Limnatis

This experimental trial was designed to evaluate the anti-Limnatis nilotica effect of Achillea millefolium L. ethanolic extract as well as levimisole and niclosamide. In an experimental study the extract of Achillea millefolium L. aerial parts was prepared and then the severity effect of the treatments was recorded and compared with placebo group on L. nilotica as anti-leech assay.

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Mora: Anti-inflammatory

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L. s.l.) is tra-ditionally used in the treatment of inflammatory and spas-modic gastro-intestinal disorders, hepato-biliary com-plaints and inflammation.

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Mora: Wound Healing (incision)

The aim of present study was to investigate the wound healing activity of the Indian medicinal plant Achillea millefolium L.

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Mora: Various (cardiac)

Achillea millefolium Linn. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb, commonly known as ‘yarrow’ or ‘milfoil’. It occurs mainly in Asia, Europe and USA and blooms from June to September.

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Mora: Hepatoprotective

Achillea millefolium Linn. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb, commonly found in northern areas of Pakistan.

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Mora: Anxiolytic

Numerous traditionally used plants exhibit pharmacological properties with great potential for therapeutic applications in the treatment of central nervous system disorders, such as anxiety dis-orders.

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Mora: Antiulcer

Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae), popularly known as “yarrow”, is a widely distributed medicinal plant that has been used for over 3000 years.

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Mora: Antioxidant

It has long been recognized that naturally occurring substances in higher plants have antioxidant activity. Recently, there is a growing interest in oxygen-containing free radicals in biological systems and their implied roles as causative agents in the aetiology of a variety of chronic dis-orders.

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Mora: Antioxidant (system)

Achillea millefolium L. is a member of the Asteraceae family that is commonly referred to as “yarrow” and has been used in folk medicine against several disturbances including skin inflammations, spasmodic and gastrointestinal disorders, as well as hepato-biliary complaints.

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Mora: Antioxidant (heart)

The genus Achillea L. (yarrow) comprises over 100 perennial herb species indigenous to the Northern Hemisphere. In Lithuania Achillea millefolium L. s.l., the best-known and most widespread species of yarrow, is listed amongst the most commonly used plant species in both folk and conventional medicine.

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Mora: Anti-inflammatory (protease)

Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of yarrow (Achillea mille-folium L.) are used in traditional European medicine internally in the treatment of gastro-intestinal and hepato-biliary disorders and externally in case of skin inflammations and for wound healing.

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Mora: Antibacterial

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the medicinal plant yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), a probiotic (Primalac) and an antibiotic (virginiamycin) on gastrointestinal tract (GIT) characteristics, microbial populations, immune response, serum lipids and growth performance of broiler chickens.

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Mora: Adjunctive to chemotherapy

Oral mucositis (OM) is a debilitating side-effect of chemotherapy. It has different complications, including impairment of drinking, eating and even talking, sometimes so severe that physician stops the therapy.

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