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HORMONAL BALANCE

FOR WOMEN

FOR IMPROVING:

  • ‍SEXUAL DESIRE AND INTENSITY
  • PERFORMANCE
  • STAMINA

General Description

Hormonal Balance is a proprietary blend of the extracts of seven plants — Epimedium grandiflorum, Jatropha macrantha, Lepidium meyenii (Peruvian), Ptychopetalum olacoides, Eustephia coccinea (Peruvian), Tribulus Terrestris, and Eurycoma longifolia. Hormonal Balance's ingredients counteract many of the factors that affect normal libido including stress, low testosterone, diabetes, depression, arthritis, benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), poor sleep, consuming too much alcohol, anger, menopause, medications, chronic pain, anemia, hypothyroidism and cardiovascular disease. When left untreated, low libido is often associated with decreased sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, hair loss, lack of energy, increased body fat, mood changes, fatigue, loss of muscle mass, or a decrease in bone mass. The ingredients in HormonalBalance not only cleanse and eliminate built-up toxins and promote cellular repair, they also balance hormones, promote blood flow, relax and build smooth muscles, and relieve hormone imbalances (i.e., PMS) coinfections that are usually associated with this condition.

Some Reported Medicinal Properties

APHRODISIAC

DIURETIC

HYPERTENSIVE

TONIC

ANTIOXIDANT

ANTIDIABETIC

ANTI-ASTHMATIC

ANTITUSSIVE

ANTI-CEPHALGIC

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

ANTI-OTEALGIC

ANTI-PYRETIC

ANTI-ULCEROUS

Reasearch On Nutramedix Product

Medical Conditions [peer-reviewed journals]

Human Influenza Virus (HIV)

del Valle Mendoza, J., Pumarola, T., Gonzales, L. A., & Del Valle, L. J. (2014). Antiviral activity of maca (Lepidium meyenii) against human influenza virus. Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, 7, S415-S420. Full Article

Menopausal symptoms

Lee, M. S., Shin, B. C., Yang, E. J., Lim, H. J., & Ernst, E. (2011). Maca (Lepidium meyenii) for treatment of menopausal symptoms: a systematic review. Maturitas, 70(3), 227-233. Full Article

Malaria

Kardono, L. B., Angerhofer, C. K., Tsauri, S., Padmawinata, K., Pezzuto, J. M., & Kinghorn, A. D. (1991). Cytotoxic and antimalarial constituents of the roots of Eurycoma longifolia. Journal of Natural Products, 54(5), 1360-1367. Full Article

Erectile Dysfunction

Do, J., Choi, S., Choi, J., & Hyun, J. S. (2013). Effects and mechanism of action of a Tribulus terrestris extract on penile erection. Korean journal of urology, 54(3), 183-188. Full Article

Zenico, T., Cicero, A. F. G., Valmorri, L., Mercuriali, M., & Bercovich, E. (2009). Subjective effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) extract on well‐being and sexual performances in patients with mild erectile dysfunction: a randomised, double‐blind clinical trial. Andrologia, 41(2), 95-99. Full Article

Gauthaman, K., & Ganesan, A. P. (2008). The hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris and its role in the management of male erectile dysfunction–an evaluation using primates, rabbit and rat. Phytomedicine, 15(1-2), 44-54. Full Article

Diabetes

Bussmann, R. W., & Glenn, A. (2011). Traditional knowledge for modern ailments plants used for the treatment of diabetes and cancer in Northern Peru. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(31), 6916-6930. Full Article

Amin, A. M. R., Lotfy, M., Shafiullah, M., & Adeghate, E. (2006). The protective effect of Tribulus terrestris in diabetes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1084(1), 391-401. Full Article

Medicinal Properties [peer-reviewed journals]

Antitumor

Jiwajinda, S., Santisopasri, V., Murakami, A., Kawanaka, M., Kawanaka, H., Gasquet, M., ... & Ohigashi, H. (2002). In vitro anti-tumor promoting and anti-parasitic activities of the quassinoids from Eurycoma longifolia, a medicinal plant in Southeast Asia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 82(1), 55-58. Full Article

Antibacterial

Bussmann, R. W., Glenn, A., & Sharon, D. (2010). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plants of Northern Peru–can traditional applications provide leads for modern science? Full Article

Al-Bayati, F. A., & Al-Mola, H. F. (2008). Antibacterial and antifungal activities of different parts of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iraq. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 9(2), 154-159. Full Article

Antifungal

Zhang, J. D., Xu, Z., Cao, Y. B., Chen, H. S., Yan, L., An, M. M., ... & Jiang, Y. Y. (2006). Antifungal activities and action mechanisms of compounds from Tribulus terrestris L. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 103(1), 76-84. Full Article

Zhang, J. D., Cao, Y. B., Xu, Z., Sun, H. H., An, M. M., Yan, L., ... & Jiang, Y. Y. (2005). In vitro and in vivo antifungal activities of the eight steroid saponins from Tribulus terrestris L. with potent activity against fluconazole-resistant fungal. Biological and pharmaceutical bulletin, 28(12), 2211-2215. Full Article

Anxiolytic

Ang, H. H., & Cheang, H. S. (2001). Studies on the anxiolytic activity of Eurycoma longifolia Jack roots in mice. The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 79(4), 497-500. Full Article

Libido Support

Ang, H. H., & Sim, M. K. (1997). Eurycoma longifolia Jack enhances libido in sexually experienced male rats. Experimental Animals, 46(4), 287-290. Full Article

Testosterone Booster

Tambi, M. I. B. M., Imran, M. K., & Henkel, R. R. (2012). Standardised water‐soluble extract of Eurycoma longifolia, Tongkat ali, as testosterone booster for managing men with late‐onset hypogonadism?. Andrologia, 44, 226-230. Full Article

Immunomodulatory

Wang, W., Zou, Y., Li, Q., Mao, R., Shao, X., Jin, D., ... & Yang, L. (2016). Immunomodulatory effects of a polysaccharide purified from Lepidium meyenii Walp. on macrophages. Process Biochemistry, 51(4), 542-553. Full Article

Aphrodisiac

Ang, H. H., & Ngai, T. H. (2001). Aphrodisiac evaluation in non‐copulator male rats after chronic administration of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology, 15(4), 265-268. Full Article

Gauthaman, K., Adaikan, P. G., & Prasad, R. N. V. (2002). Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats. Life sciences, 71(12), 1385-1396. Full Article

Antioxidant

Zha, S., Zhao, Q., Chen, J., Wang, L., Zhang, G., Zhang, H., & Zhao, B. (2014). Extraction, purification and antioxidant activities of the polysaccharides from maca (Lepidium meyenii). Carbohydrate polymers, 111, 584-587. Full Article

Varghese, C. P., Ambrose, C., Jin, S. C., Lim, Y. J., & Keisaban, T. (2013). Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Eurycoma longifolia Jack, a traditional medicinal plant in Malaysia. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Nanotechnology, 5(4), 1875-1878. Full Article

Zheleva-Dimitrova, D. I. M. I. T. R. I. N. A., Obreshkova, D. A. N. K. A., & Nedialkov, P. (2012). Antioxidant activity of tribulus terrestris—a natural product in infertility therapy. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, 4(4), 508-11. Full Article

Siqueira, I. R., Fochesatto, C., Torres, I. L. S., da Silva, A. L., Nunes, D. S., Elisabetsky, E., & Netto, C. A. (2007). Antioxidant activities of Ptychopetalum olacoides (“muirapuama”) in mice brain. Phytomedicine, 14(11), 763-769. Full Article

Večeřa, R., Orolin, J., Škottová, N., Kazdová, L., Oliyarnik, O., Ulrichová, J., & Šimánek, V. (2007). The influence of maca (Lepidium meyenii) on antioxidant status, lipid and glucose metabolism in rat. Plant foods for human nutrition, 62(2), 59-63. Full Article

Sandoval, M., Okuhama, N. N., Angeles, F. M., Melchor, V. V., Condezo, L. A., Lao, J., & Miller, M. J. (2002). Antioxidant activity of the cruciferous vegetable Maca (Lepidium meyenii). Food Chemistry, 79(2), 207-213. Full Article

Anti-Stress

Piato, A. L., Detanico, B. C., Linck, V. M., Herrmann, A. P., Nunes, D. S., & Elisabetsky, E. (2010). Anti-stress effects of the “tonic” Ptychopetalum olacoides (Marapuama) in mice. Phytomedicine, 17(3-4), 248-253. Full Article

Hormone Regulator

Gonzales, G. F., Gasco, M., Cordova, A., Chung, A., Rubio, J., & Villegas, L. (2004). Effect of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on spermatogenesis in male rats acutely exposed to high altitude (4340 m). Journal of endocrinology, 180(1), 87-95. Full Article

Oshima, M., GU, Y., & Tsukada, S. (2003). Effects of Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha on blood levels of estradiol-17 β, progesterone, testosterone and the rate of embryo implantation in mice. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 65(10), 1145-1146. Full Article

Sperm Count

Low, B. S., Choi, S. B., Wahab, H. A., Das, P. K., & Chan, K. L. (2013). Eurycomanone, the major quassinoid in Eurycoma longifolia root extract increases spermatogenesis by inhibiting the activity of phosphodiesterase and aromatase in steroidogenesis. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 149(1), 201-207. Full Article

Gonzales, G. F., Nieto, J., Rubio, J., & Gasco, M. (2006). Effect of Black maca (Lepidium meyenii) on one spermatogenic cycle in rats. Andrologia, 38(5), 166-172. Full Article

Bustos‐Obregón, E., Yucra, S., & Gonzales, G. F. (2005). Lepidium meyenii (Maca) reduces spermatogenic damage induced by a single dose of malathion in mice. Asian journal of andrology, 7(1), 71-76. Full Article

Gonzales, G. F., Cordova, A., Gonzales, C., Chung, A., Vega, K., & Villena, A. (2001). Lepidium meyenii (Maca) improved semen parameters in adult men. Asian Journal of Andrology, 3(4), 301-304. Full Article

Sexual Behavior

Zanoli, P., Zavatti, M., Montanari, C., & Baraldi, M. (2009). Influence of Eurycoma longifolia on the copulatory activity of sexually sluggish and impotent male rats. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 126(2), 308-313. Full Article

Brooks, N. A., Wilcox, G., Walker, K. Z., Ashton, J. F., Cox, M. B., & Stojanovska, L. (2008). Beneficial effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on psychological symptoms and measures of sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women are not related to estrog en or androgen content. Menopause, 15(6), 1157-1162. Full Article

Lentz, A., Gravitt, K., Carson, C. C., & Marson, L. (2007). Acute and chronic dosing of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on male rat sexual behavior. The journal of sexual medicine, 4(2), 332-340. Full Article

Rubio, J., Riqueros, M. I., Gasco, M., Yucra, S., Miranda, S., & Gonzales, G. F. (2006). Lepidium meyenii (Maca) reversed the lead acetate induced—damage on reproductive function in male rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 44(7), 1114-1122. Full Article

Ang, H. H., Ngai, T. H., & Tan, T. H. (2003). Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack on sexual qualities in middle aged male rats. Phytomedicine, 10(6-7), 590-593. Full Article

Gauthaman, K., Ganesan, A. P., & Prasad, R. N. V. (2003). Sexual effects of puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris) extract (protodioscin): an evaluation using a rat model. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 9(2), 257-265. Full Article

Gonzales, G. F., Cordova, A., Vega, K., Chung, A., Villena, A., & Góñez, C. (2003). Effect of Lepidium meyenii (Maca), a root with aphrodisiac and fertility-enhancing properties, on serum reproductive hormone levels in adult healthy men. Journal of endocrinology, 176(1), 163-168. Full Article

Gonzales, G. F., Rubio, J., Chung, A., Gasco, M., & Villegas, L. (2003). Effect of alcoholic extract of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on testicular function in male rats. Asian journal of andrology, 5(4), 349-349. Full Article

Gonzales, G. F., Cordova, A., Vega, K., Chung, A., Villena, A., Góñez, C., & Castillo, S. (2002). Effect of Lepidium meyenii (MACA) on sexual desire and its absent relationship with serum testosterone levels in adult healthy men. Andrologia, 34(6), 367-372. Full Article

Cicero, A. F., Bandieri, E., & Arletti, R. (2001). Lepidium meyenii Walp. improves sexual behaviour in male rats independently from its action on spontaneous locomotor activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 75(2-3), 225-229. Full Article

Hooi Hoon, A. N. G., Cheang, H. S., & Yusof, A. P. M. (2000). Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) on the initiation of sexual performance of inexperienced castrated male rats. Exp. Anim, 49(1), 35-38. Full Article

Zheng, B. L., He, K., Kim, C. H., Rogers, L., Shao, Y. U., Huang, Z. Y., ... & Zheng, Q. Y. (2000). Effect of a lipidic extract from Lepidium meyenii on sexual behavior in mice and rats. Urology, 55(4), 598-602. Full Article

Ang, H. H., & Sim, M. K. (1998). Eurycoma longifolia increases sexual motivation in sexually naive male rats. Archives of Pharmacal Research, 21(6), 779. Full Article

Ang, H. H., & Sim, M. K. (1998). Eurycoma longifolia Jack and orientation activities in sexually experienced male rats. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 21(2), 153-155. Full Article

Memory Improvement

da Silva, A. L., Piato, Â. L., Bardini, S., Netto, C. A., Nunes, D. S., & Elisabetsky, E. (2004). Memory retrieval improvement by Ptychopetalum olacoides in young and aging mice. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 95(2-3), 199-203. Full Article

Various Conditions

Sabandar, C. W., Ahmat, N., Jaafar, F. M., & Sahidin, I. (2013). Medicinal property, phytochemistry and pharmacology of several Jatropha species (Euphorbiaceae): a review. Phytochemistry, 85, 7-29. Full Article

Medicinal Properties
[other journals]

Medical Conditions [other journals]

Videos

Conference Presentations

Patient Reports

"My husband and I hadn't really had a good run of things.  Once we began taking Libido Support, we were calmer and looked forward to when the kids went to bed.  We were actually able to stay awake!  Thanks for such a powerful product."-Z.R.

Dosage Information

May be taken under the tongue or in 2-4 oz. (60-120 ml) of water twice daily.                                                For women: 20 drops.

Protocols

Safety Information

An acute oral toxicity study was conducted by the University of Guayaquil, Ecuador concluding that Hormonal Balance did not produce toxic effects, thus the product is considered practically innocuous for humans when administered in the acute form. Therefore; studies of acute toxicity at higher doses in humans are not necessary.

Product Label

Hormonal Balance (Macrapuama): Anti-stress effects of the tonic Ptychopetalum olacoides (Marapuama) in mice

With the recognition that high levels of sustained stress are associated with the natural course of countless illnesses, effective anti-stress agents have gained importance. Improved endurance to particularly stressful periods is one of the medicinal claims for Marapuama (Ptychopetalum olacoides Bentham, PO). a popular Amazonian herbal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if PO possesses anti-stress properties.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (impotent)

The root of Eurycoma longifolia Jack, native to South East Asia, has long been used as a male aphrodisiac remedy to treat sexual disorders.

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Lepidium meyenii: Menopausal

Maca (Lepidium meyenii), an Andean plant of the brassica (mustard) family has been used for centuries in the Andes as an adaptogenic plant to manage anemia, infertility and female hormone balance. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence for and against the effectiveness of the maca plant as a treatment for menopausal symptoms.

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Tribulus terrestris: Sexual Behavior (rat evalutation)

Apart from its claims for improvement of sexual functions in men, the puncturevine plant (Tribulus terrestris: TT) has long been considered as an energizer and vitalizer in the indigenous system of medicine. Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) measurements were taken in rats to scientifically validate the claim of TT [containing protodioscin (PTN)] as an aphrodisiac.

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Tribulus terrestris: ED (Rabbits)

Hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris (TT) were evaluated in primates, rabbit and rat to identify its usefulness in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED). TT extract \Vas administered intravenously, as a bolus dose or 7.5. 15 and 30 mg kg. in primates for acute study.

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Tribulus terrestris: ED (Effects and Mech)

Tribulus terrestris has been used as an aphrodisiac. However, little is known about the effects and mechanism of action of T. terrestris on penile erection. Therefore, the effect of a T. terrestris extract and the mechanism of action of the extract on relaxation of the corpus cavernosum (CC) were investigated. The erectogenic effects of an oral preparation of the extract were also assessed.

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Tribulus terrestris: Diabetes

Tribulus terrestris L (TT) is used in the Arabic folk medicine to treat various diseases. The aim of this article was to investigate the protective effects of TT in diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetes is known to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) level that subsequently contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetes.

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Tribulus terrestris: Aphrodisiac

Tribulus terrestris (TT) has long been used in the traditional Chinese and Indian systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments and is popularly claimed to improve sexual functions in man. Sexual behaviour and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of TT containing protodioscin (PTN) as an aphrodisiac.

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Tribulus terrestris: Antioxidant (infertility)

Antioxidant potential of Tribulus terrestris L. herbal preparations was evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) di-ammonium salt (ABTS) free radicals, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and inhibition of lipid peroxidation by ferric thiocyanate method (FTC).

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Tribulus terrestris: Antifungal

Antifungal activity of natural products is being studied widely. Saponins are known to be antifungal and antibacterial.

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Tribulus terrestris: Antifungal (Eight ST)

In recent twenty years, the risk of opportunistic fungal infections has greatly increased in patients who are severely immunocompromised due to cancer chemotherapy, organ or bone marrow transplantation, and human immunodeficiency virus infection.

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Tribulus terrestris: Antibacterial

Traditional medicine has been practiced for many centuries by a substantial proportion of the population of Iraq. The interest in the study of medicinal plants as a source of pharmacologically active compounds has increased worldwide. It is recognized that in some developing countries, plants are the main medicinal source to treat infectious diseases.

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Ptychopetalum olacoides: Memory

Cognitive deficits are often observed in old humans, as well as in various neurological conditions. It has been previously proposed that memory retrieval in the elderly appears to be more impaired than acquisition or storage. Moreover, the first symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease include impairment of new information storage or retrieval.

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Ptychopetalum olacoides: Antioxidant (mice brain)

Ptychopetalum olacoides (PO) roots are used by Amazonian peoples to prepare traditional remedies for treating various central nervous system conditions in which free radicals are likely to be implicated.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sperm Count

Aim: To observe the effect of the aqueous extract of hypocotyls of the plant Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on spermatogenic damage induced by the organophosphate insecticide malathion in mice.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sperm Count (cycle)

Lepidium meyenii (Maca) grows exclusively between 4000 and 4500 m above sea level in the Peruvian central Andes. The hypocotyls of this plant are traditionally used in the Andean region for their supposed fertility-enhancing properties.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (spontatneous)

The aim of the present study is to determine the effect of acute and chronic oral administration of a purified extract from L. meyenii root on male rats sexual performances and spontaneous locomotion.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (serum)

Lepidium meyenii (Maca) is a Peruvian hypocotyl that grows exclusively between 4000 and 4500 m in the central Andes. Maca is traditionally employed in the Andean region for its supposed aphrodisiac and/or fertility-enhancing properties.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (postmenopausal))

Objective: To examine the estrogenic and androgenic activity of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) and its effect on the hormonal profile and symptoms in postmenopausal women.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (lipid)

Objectives: To determine the effect of oral administration of a purified lipidic extract from Lepidium meyenii (MacaPure M-01 and M-02) on the number of complete intromissions and mating in normal mice, and on the latent period of erection (LPE) in rats with erectile dysfunction.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (damage)

Rats were treated with 0, 8, 16 and 24 mg/kg of lead acetate (LA) (i.p.) for 35 days with or without Maca. Maca was co-administrated orally from day 18 to day 35. The lengths of stages of the seminiferous epithelium were assessed by transillumination.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (acute and C)

The use of natural remedies for the treatment of sexual disorders is under current investigation. For generations people of the rural community in Peru have used Lepidium meyenii Walpers (Maca), because of their belief that it improves fertility and sexual desire.

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Lepidium meyenii: Sexual Behavior (absent)

This study was a 12-week double blind placebo-controlled, randomized, parallel trial in which active treatment with different doses of Maca Gelatinizada was compared with placebo. The study aimed to demonstrate if effect of Maca on subjective report of sexual desire was because of effect on mood or serum testosterone levels.

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Lepidium meyenii: Immunomodulatory

A polysaccharide (MP21) was extracted and purified from Lepidium meyenii Walp. using DEAE-52 and SephacrylTM S-500 columns. Its physicochemical properties and macrophage immunomodulatory activity were investigated in vitro. T

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Lepidium meyenii: Hormone Regulator

The effects of two Peruvian folk medicines, Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha, on mouse sex steroid hormones and embryo implantation were investigated. Progesterone levels increased significantly in mice that received L. meyenii Walp, while testosterone levels increased significantly in mice that received L. meyenii Walp as well as in those that received both L. meyenii Walp and J. macrantha.

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Lepidium meyenii: Hormone Regulator (spermatogenesis)

Lepidium meyenii (Maca) is a Peruvian hypocotyl that grows exclusively between 4000 and 4500 m in the central Andes. Maca is traditionally employed in the Andean region for its supposed fertility-enhancing properties.

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Lepidium meyenii: HIV

Objective: To investigate antiviral activity of maca to reduce viral load in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells infected with influenza type A and B viruses (Flu-A and Flu-B, respectively).

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Lepidium meyenii: ED

Lepidium meyenii (Maca) is a cultivated root belonging to the brassica family used in the Andean region for its supposed aphrodisiac properties. We carried out a double-blind clinical trial on 50 Caucasian men affected by mild erectile dysfunction (ED), randomised to treatment with Maca dry extract, 2400 mg, or placebo.

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Lepidium meyenii: Antioxidant

Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a plant from the Andes of Peru. Maca is used as a food for its nutritional value and ethnomedicinal properties linked to fertility and vitality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Maca. For all experiments an aqueous extract of Maca was used.

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Lepidium meyenii: Antioxidant (purification)

Water-soluble polysaccharides were separated from maca (Lepidium meyenii) aqueous extract (MAE). The crude polysaccharides were deproteinized by Sevag method. During the preparation process of maca polysaccharides, amylase and glucoamylase effectively removed starch in maca polysaccharides.

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Lepidium meyenii: Antioxidant (glucose)

This work focused on the effect of maca on lipid, anti-oxidative, and glucose parameters in hereditary hypertriglyceridemic (HHTg) rat. Maca (1%) was administred to rats as a part of a high-sucrose diet (HSD) for 2 weeks. Rosiglitazone (0.02%) was used as a positive control.

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HB: Jatropha macrantha - Various conditions

The genus Jatropha that belongs to tribe Joannesieae in the Euphorbiaceae family contains approximately 170 known species. The name Jatropha is derived from the Greek word ‘‘jatros’’ (doctor) and ‘‘trophe’’ (food), which implies its medicinal uses.

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HB: Eustephia coccinea - Diabetes

Various cancers and tumorous conditions were treated by healers. A total of 47 plant species belonging to 42 genera and 30 families were documented and identified as anti-cancer and anti-diabetic herbal remedies in Northern Peru, with 31 plants used for diabetes treatment and 17 species used for conditions identified by local healers as cancer.

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HB: Eustephia coccinea - Antibacterial

Bacterial infections and inflammation are among the ailments treated by traditional healers. The World Health Organization has expressed high interest in traditional medicine, and it is important to demonstrate scientifically that remedies employed in folk medicine are indeed therapeutically active. In this communication, antibacterial assays for 165 plant species conducted under simple laboratory conditions in a private clinic in Trujillo, Peru has been reported.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Testosterone

In most countries, millions of people are relying on herbal medicines as remedy for numerous ailments. In South-East Asia, Eurycoma longifolia Jack, also known as ‘Malaysian ginseng’ or Tongkat ali, is used to combat stress and disease and to improve physical strength.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sperm Count (Phosphodiesterase)

Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Simaroubaceae family), known locally as ‘Tongkat Ali’ by the ethnic population, is popularly taken as a traditional remedy to improve the male libido, sexual prowess and fertility. Presently, many tea, coffee and carbonated beverages, pre-mixed with the root extract are available commercially for the improvement of general health and labido.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (orientation)

Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Simaroubaceace), identified by its local name as Tongkat Ali, is commonly found along the hilly jungle slopes of Malaysia. Over the years, pharmacological evaluations of the various compounds isolated from this plant showed that it possessed antimalarial, cytotoxic, antiulcer, and antipyretic, properties.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (naive male)

The aim of this study is to provide evidence on the aphrodisiac property of Eurycoma Iongifolia Jack. An electric grid was used as an obstruction in the electrical copulation cage in order to determine how much an aversive stimulus the sexually naive male rat for both the treated with E. Iongifolia Jack and control groups were willing to overcome to reach the estrous receptive female in the goal cage.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (Jack qual)

The word aphrodisiac is derived from ‘Aphrodite’, the Greek goddess of love, beauty and sexuality, and aphrodisiacs are the substances which stimulate sexual desire. The possibility of bioactive aphrodisiacs which may be derived from plants, animals or minerals, bas been attractive throughout recorded history.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (initiation)

The effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack were studied on the libido of sexually experienced male rats after dosing them with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight twice daily of different fractions of E. longifolia Jack for 10 days.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Sexual Behavior (freeze)

Sexual health is an important issue in quality of life of males and females. In males’ sexual well-being, dissatisfaction in sexual life is significantly caused by erectile dysfunction (ED), which is defined as a consistent or recurrent inability of a man to attain and/or maintain penile erection sufficient for sexual activity.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Malaria

Eurycoma longifolia, native to Burma, Indochina, Thailand, and Southeast Asia is a tall Simaroubaceous slender shrub-tree commonly found as an understroy in the lowland forests at up to 500 m above sealevel. E. longifolia known locally as ‘Tongkat Ali’ in Malaysia, ‘Pasakbumi’ in Indonesia, ‘Cay ba binh’ in Vietnam and ‘Ian-don’ in Thailand is popularly sought after in herbal remedies and has been frequently prescribed either as a single ingredient or as a mixture with other herbs.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Libido

The effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack were studied on the libido of sexually experienced male rats after dosing them with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight twice daily of different fractions of E. longifolia Jack for 10 days.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Aphrodisiac (non-cop)

Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Simaroubaceae), which is known as `Tongkat Ali' or Ali's walking stick in Malaysia, is a plant that grows to a height of 10 m with a branch diameter of 10 cm. It is found in primary and secondary, evergreen and mixed deciduous forests in Burma, Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and the Phillipines. It is popularly used, singly or as an essential component, in herbal remedies, for various illnesses including fevers, aches, sexual insufficiency, hypertensive, tuberculosis, vermifuge and as health supplement.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Anxiolytic

Eurycoma longifolia Jack, from the Simaroubaceae family and identified locally as 'Tongkat Ali', is found in primary and secondary, evergreen and mixed deciduous forests in Burma, Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines. It is popularly sought after as a singly or an essential component for the treatment of fevers, aches, sexual insufficiency and also as health supplements, but has not been indicated strongly for any specific illness.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Antitumor

Some quassinoids (1-6) isolated previously as plant growth inhibitors from the leaves of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. (Simaroubaceae) were subjected to in vitro tests on anti-tumor promoting, antischistosomal and plasmodicidal activities.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Antioxidant (Anti-ant)

Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack, family, Simaroubaceae) is traditionally used in Malaysia as health supplement for hypertension, diarrhea, aches, persistent fever, malaria, sexual insufficiency, dysentery, and glandular swelling. In this study, hydroalcoholic extract of Eurycoma longifolia Jack was studied for its antioxidant and in-vitro anti-inflammatory properties.

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HB: Eurycoma longifolia - Antibacterial (activity)

Objective: To evaluate methanolic, ethanolic, acetone and aqueous extracts from different parts of Eurycoma longifolia (E. longifolia) (leave, stem, and root) for antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and to utilize the leaves and stem parts rather than the root, which is already used for male sexual enhancement in Malaysia.

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