Lepidium meyenii (Maca) grows exclusively between 4000 and 4500 m above sea level in the Peruvian central Andes. The hypocotyls of this plant are traditionally used in the Andean region for their supposed fertility-enhancing properties. The hypocotyls have different colours. Of these, Black maca has better effects on spermatogenesis. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that Black maca has early effects during a spermatogenic cycle (12 days) of male rats. For this, testicular spermatid, epididymal sperm and vas deferens sperm counts were measured after 1, 3, 5, 7 and 12 days of treatment with Black maca.
Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a Peruvian plant that belongs to the Brassicaceae family, and grows exclusively between 4000 and 4500-m above sea level (a.s.l) in the central Peruvian Andes. This plant, of which the hypocotyls, traditionally are used, is known for its property to enhance fertility.