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Uncaria tomentosa extracts protect human erythrocyte catalase against damage induced by 2,4-D-Na and its metabolites

The effect of ethanolic and aqueous extracts from leaves and bark of Uncaria tomentosa was studied, with particular attention to catalase activity (CAT – EC. 1.11.1.6). 

We observed that all tested extracts, at a concentration of 250 lg/mL were not toxic to erythrocyte catalase because they did not decreased its activity. 

Additionally, we investigated the protective effect of extracts on changes in CAT activity in the erythrocytes incubated with sodium salt of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D-Na) and its metabolites i.e., 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and catechol. Previous investigations showed that these chemicals decreased activity of erythrocyte catalase (Bukowska et al., 2000; Bukowska and Kowalska, 2004). 

The erythrocytes were divided into two portions. The first portion was incubated for 1 and 5 h at 37 C with 2,4-D-Na, 2,4-DCP and catechol, and second portion was preincubated with extracts for 10 min and then incubated with xenobiotics for 1 and 5 h. CAT activity was measured in the first and second portion of the erythrocytes. 

We found a protective effect of the extracts from U. tomentosa on the activity of catalase incubated with xenobiotics studied.

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