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In vitro antioxidant and antitumor activities of polysaccharides extracted from Asparagus officinalis

Abstract

Ultrasonic circulating extractiontechnology was appliedfor thepolysaccharide extractionfromAsparagus officinalis. The crude polysaccharides were deproteinized by Sevag method and three main polysaccharide fractions, AOP-4, AOP-6 and AOP-8 were obtained by fractional precipitation with gradient concentrations of ethanol (40%, 60% and 80%). The in vitro antitumor and antioxidant activities of the polysaccharide fractions were evaluated by MTT assay and free radical-scavenging assay, respectively. Deproteinized AOPs showed higher antioxidant and antitumor activities than crude AOP. AOP-4 with molecular weight 5.75 × 104 Da showed significant function of scavenging hydroxyl radical. Three AOP fractions had significant antitumor activity against HeLa and BEL-7404 cells in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, the inhibit activity of AOP-4 against HeLa cells was higher than those of other AOPs and the inhibition rate reached 83.96% at the concentration of 10 mg/mL. These results indicated that the AOP might be useful for developing natural safe antitumor drugs or health food.

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