Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are ﬁnding rich applications in various area including nanodevices, nanoelectronics, nanosensors, information storage, biomedical treatments and water puriﬁcation. The reduction of various complexes with silver (Ag+) ions in aqueous solution leads to the formation of silver (Ag0) atoms, which is followed by agglomeration into oligomeric clusters. These clusters eventually lead to the formation of colloidal AgNPs. Several biological, chemical and physical methods are proposed to generate the nanoparticles. However, most of physicochemical strategies are suffering in the application process due to the utilization of high energy, hazardous nature, difﬁculty in separation and time consuming steps. Interestingly, AgNPs synthesised using enzymes, proteins, microorganisms and plant materials would offer a more biocompatible, eco-friendly, cost-effective, and easy biological approach for large scale production. Particularly, plant mediated green synthesis of nanoparticles is an efﬁcacious approach which ﬁnds immense application in the ﬁeld of many modern medicines. In addition, plant extracts may act both as reducing agents and stabilizing agents in the synthesis of nanoparticles.