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Curcuma longa activates NF-kB and promotes adhesion of neutrophils to human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Upregulation of expression of cell adhesion molecules, such as ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin, is important for immune surveillance. Extravasation and migration of body’s effector cells to the site of immune activation is controlled by the expression of cell adhesion molecules on endothelial cells. We demonstrate here that an aqueous extract prepared from Curcuma longa (ClAqE), a dietary component, promotes the adhesion of peripheral neutrophils to human umbilical vein endothelial cells. To delineate the mechanism of increased adhesion, we investigated the possibility that ClAqE induces the expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin on endothelial cells. ClAqE increases the steady state transcript levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin as determined by RT-PCR. We also show that ClAqE activates nuclear transcription factor NF-kB, a major transcription factor involved in the transcription of genes encoding ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin. These results have implications for the usage of aqueous preparation of C. longa for upregulation of cell adhesion molecule expression and:or NF-kB.