The present review describes the morphological, phytochemical and pharmacology aspects of Valeriana officinalis (Valerianaceae). Valeriana officinalis is a hardy perennial flowering plant. Valerian is native to Europe and Asia and has naturalized in eastern North America. Native to Europe and parts of Asia, valerian has been introduced into North America. The major modern and historical uses for valerian are as a sedative and anxiolytic, but it is also used to treat “nervous stomach”. It significantly improves subjectively recalled sleep quality compared to placebo and shows a favorable adverse effect profile compared with other commonly prescribed sedative hypnotics and anxiolytics. Historically, the herb used for its sedative/hypnotic, anxiolytic, other neurological condition, cardiovascular properties. So, in this article we are going to discuss about its benefits and an overview of phytochemical and pharmacological profiles.