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Antimicrobial and Wound Healing Properties of PolyacrylonitrileMoringa Extract Nanofibers

A simple and cost-effective material composed of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers containing different concentrations of moringa (MR) leaf extracts was fabricated for antimicrobial properties and wound dressing. The fabricated materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, and Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy. The antibacterial sensitivity of the developed polyacrylonitrile-moringa extract nanofibers was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by the agar diffusion method. A pronounced antibacterial activity was observed with the increase in the incorporated moringa leaf extract concentration within the polyacrylonitrile-moringa extract nanofibers against the bacterial strains. The best antibacterial sensitivity was observed for nanofibers containing 0.5 g of moringa leaf extract which had an inhibitory zone of 15 mm for E. coli and 12 mm for S. aureus. Furthermore, the cost effective and biodegradable nanofibrous polyacrylonitrile−moringa extract nanofiber was also used to conduct further studies regarding wound dressing. The result reveals that the increase in the concentrations of moringa leaf extract influenced the healing properties of the material. For days 1,4, and 7 of the wound dressing experiment, the % wound closure of the rat was the highest for the nanofiber containing 0.5 g of moringa leaf extract (35, 87, and 95%, respectively) compared to the positive control medical gauze (29, 75, and 93%,respectively).